From the U.S. Code Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]
[Laws in effect as of January 1, 1994]


[CITE: 42USC]


TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 136--VIOLENT CRIME CONTROL AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
SUBCHAPTER I--PRISONS


Part A--Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive
Grants

Sec.
13701. Grants for correctional facilities.
(a) Grant authorization.
(b) Eligibility.
(c) Consideration.
13702. Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants.
(a) Truth in Sentencing Grant program.
(b) Allocation of Truth in Sentencing Incentive funds.
13703. Violent Offender Incarceration Grants.
(a) Violent Offender Incarceration Grant program.
(b) Allocation of Violent Offender Incarceration funds.
13704. Matching requirement.
13705. Rules and regulations.
13706. Technical assistance and training.
13707. Evaluation.
13708. Definitions.
13709. Authorization of appropriations.


Part B--Miscellaneous Provisions

13721. Task force on prison construction standardization and
techniques.
(a) Task force.
(b) Cooperation.
(c) Performance requirements.
(d) Dissemination.
(e) Promotion and evaluation.
13722. Efficiency in law enforcement and corrections.
(a) In general.
(b) Assessment of construction components and designs.
13723. Congressional approval of any expansion at Lorton and
congressional hearings on future needs.
(a) Congressional approval.
(b) Senate hearings.
(c) ``Expanded'' and ``expansion'' defined.
13724. Conversion of closed military installations into Federal
prison facilities.
(a) Study of suitable bases.
(b) Suitability for conversion.
(c) Time for study.
(d) Construction of Federal prisons.
(e) ``Base closure law'' defined.
13725. Correctional job training and placement.
(a) Purpose.
(b) Definitions.
(c) Establishment of Office.
(d) Functions of Office.
SUBCHAPTER II--CRIME PREVENTION


Part A--Ounce of Prevention Council

13741. Ounce of Prevention Council.
(a) Establishment.
(b) Program coordination.
(c) Administrative responsibilities and powers.
13742. Ounce of prevention grant program.
(a) In general.
(b) Applicants.
(c) Priority.
(d) Federal share.
13743. ``Indian tribe'' defined.
13744. Authorization of appropriations.


Part B--Local Crime Prevention Block Grant Program

13751. Payments to local governments.
(a) Payment and use.
(b) Timing of payments.
(c) Adjustments.
(d) Reservation for adjustments.
(e) Repayment of unexpended amounts.
(f) Nonsupplanting requirement.
13752. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) Authorization of appropriations.
(b) Administrative costs.
13753. Qualification for payment.
(a) In general.
(b) General requirements for qualification.
(c) Review by Governors.
(d) Sanctions for noncompliance.
13754. Allocation and distribution of funds.
(a) State distribution.
(b) Local distribution.
(c) Unavailability of information.
13755. Utilization of private sector.
13756. Public participation.
13757. Administrative provisions.
13758. Definitions.


Part C--Model Intensive Grant Programs

13771. Grant authorization.
(a) Establishment.
(b) Priority.
13772. Uses of funds.
(a) In general.
(b) Guidelines.
(c) Equitable distribution of funds.
13773. Program requirements.
(a) Description.
(b) Comprehensive plan.
(c) Evaluation.
13774. Applications.
13775. Reports.
13776. Definitions.
13777. Authorization of appropriations.


Part D--Family and Community Endeavor Schools Grant Program

13791. Community schools youth services and supervision grant
program.
(a) Short title.
(b) Definitions.
(c) Program authority.
(d) Program requirements.
(e) Eligible community identification.
(f) Applications.
(g) Eligibility of participants.
(h) Peer review panel.
(i) Investigations and inspections.
(j) Payments; Federal share; non-Federal share.
(k) Evaluation.
13792. Family and community endeavor schools grant program.
(a) Short title.
(b) Purpose.
(c) Program authority.
(d) Program requirements.
(e) Eligible community identification.
(f) Grant eligibility.
(g) Applications.
(h) Peer review panel.
(i) Investigations and inspections.
(j) Federal share.
(k) Evaluation.
(l) Definitions.
13793. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) In general.
(b) Programs.


Part E--Assistance for Delinquent and At-Risk Youth

13801. Grant authority.
(a) Grants.
(b) Applications.
(c) Consideration of applications.
(d) Reports.
(e) Definitions.
13802. Authorization of appropriations.


Part F--Police Recruitment

13811. Grant authority.
(a) Grants.
(b) Qualified community organizations.
(c) Qualified programs.
(d) Applications.
(e) Action by Attorney General.
(f) Grant disbursement.
(g) Grant period.
(h) Grantee reporting.
(i) Guidelines.
13812. Authorization of appropriations.


Part G--National Community Economic Partnership

subpart 1--community economic partnership investment funds

13821. Purpose.
13822. Provision of assistance.
(a) Authority.
(b) Revolving loan funds.
13823. Approval of applications.
(a) In general.
(b) Priority.
13824. Availability of lines of credit and use.
(a) Approval of application.
(b) Limitations on availability of amounts.
(c) Amounts drawn from line of credit.
(d) Use of revolving loan funds.
13825. Limitations on use of funds.
(a) Matching requirement.
(b) Technical assistance and administration.
(c) Local and private sector contributions.
(d) Use of proceeds from investments.
13826. Program priority for special emphasis programs.
(a) In general.
(b) Reservation of funds.


subpart 2--emerging community development corporations

13841. Community development corporation improvement grants.
(a) Purpose.
(b) Skill enhancement grants.
(c) Operating grants.
(d) Applications.
(e) Amount available for community development corporation.
13842. Emerging community development corporation revolving loan
funds.
(a) Authority.
(b) Eligibility.
(c) Use of revolving loan fund.
(d) Use of proceeds from investments.
(e) Amounts available.


subpart 3--miscellaneous provisions

13851. Definitions.
13852. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) In general.
(b) Earmarks.
(c) Amounts.
13853. Prohibition.


Part H--Community-Based Justice Grants for Prosecutors

13861. Grant authorization.
(a) In general.
(b) Consultation.
13862. Use of funds.
13863. Applications.
(a) Eligibility.
(b) Requirements.
(c) Comprehensive plan.
13864. Allocation of funds; limitations on grants.
(a) Administrative cost limitation.
(b) Renewal of grants.
13865. Award of grants.
13866. Reports.
(a) Report to Attorney General.
(b) Report to Congress.
13867. Authorization of appropriations.
13868. Definitions.


Part I--Family Unity Demonstration Project

13881. Purpose.
13882. Definitions.
13883. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) Authorization.
(b) Availability of appropriations.


subpart 1--grants to states

13891. Authority to make grants.
(a) General authority.
(b) Preferences.
(c) Selection of grantees.
13892. Eligibility to receive grants.
13893. Report.
(a) In general.
(b) Contents.


subpart 2--family unity demonstration project for federal prisoners

13901. Authority of Attorney General.
(a) In general.
(b) General contracting authority.
(c) Use of State facilities.
13902. Requirements.


Part J--Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Tuberculosis in
Correctional Institutions

13911. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of tuberculosis in
correctional institutions.
(a) Guidelines.
(b) Compliance.
(c) Grants.
(d) Definitions.


Part K--Gang Resistance Education and Training

13921. Gang Resistance Education and Training projects.
(a) Establishment of projects.
(b) Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER III--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN


Part A--Safe Streets for Women

subpart 1--safety for women in public transit

13931. Grants for capital improvements to prevent crime in public
transportation.
(a) General purpose.
(b) Grants for lighting, camera surveillance, and security
phones.
(c) Reporting.
(d) Increased Federal share.
(e) Special grants for projects to study increasing security
for women.
(f) General requirements.


subpart 2--assistance to victims of sexual assault

13941. Training programs.
(a) In general.
(b) Training programs.
(c) Authorization of appropriations.
13942. Confidentiality of communications between sexual assault
or domestic violence victims and their counselors.
(a) Study and development of model legislation.
(b) Report and recommendations.
(c) Review of Federal evidentiary rules.
13943. Information programs.


Part B--Safe Homes for Women

subpart 1--confidentiality for abused persons

13951. Confidentiality of abused person's address.
(a) Regulations.
(b) Requirements.
(c) Disclosure for certain purposes.
(d) Existing complications.


subpart 2--data and research

13961. Research agenda.
(a) Request for contract.
(b) Declination of request.
(c) Report.
13962. State databases.
(a) In general.
(b) Consultation.
(c) Report.
(d) Authorization of appropriations.
13963. Number and cost of injuries.
(a) Study.
(b) Authorization of appropriations.


subpart 3--rural domestic violence and child abuse enforcement

13971. Rural domestic violence and child abuse enforcement
assistance.
(a) Grants.
(b) Definitions.
(c) Authorization of appropriations.


Part C--Civil Rights for Women

13981. Civil rights.
(a) Purpose.
(b) Right to be free from crimes of violence.
(c) Cause of action.
(d) Definitions.
(e) Limitation and procedures.


Part D--Equal Justice for Women in Courts

subpart 1--education and training for judges and court personnel in
state courts

13991. Grants authorized.
13992. Training provided by grants.
13993. Cooperation in developing programs in making grants under
this part.
13994. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) In general.
(b) Model programs.


subpart 2--education and training for judges and court personnel in
federal courts

14001. Authorization of circuit studies; education and training
grants.
(a) Studies.
(b) Matters for examination.
(c) Clearinghouse.
(d) Model programs.
14002. Authorization of appropriations.


Part E--Violence Against Women Act Improvements

14011. Payment of cost of testing for sexually transmitted
diseases.
(a) Omitted.
(b) Limited testing of defendants.
(c) Penalties for intentional transmission of HIV.
14012. National baseline study on campus sexual assault.
(a) Study.
(b) Report.
(c) Submission of report.
(d) ``Campus sexual assaults'' defined.
(e) Authorization of appropriations.
14013. Report on battered women's syndrome.
(a) Report.
(b) Components.
14014. Report on confidentiality of addresses for victims of
domestic violence.
(a) Report.
(b) Use of components.
14015. Report on recordkeeping relating to domestic violence.


Part F--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

14031. Grant program.
(a) In general.
(b) Eligibility.
14032. Authorization of appropriations.
14033. Application requirements.
14034. Disbursement.
14035. Technical assistance, training, and evaluations.
14036. Training programs for judges.
14037. Recommendations on intrastate communication.
14038. Inclusion in National Incident-Based Reporting System.
14039. Report to Congress.
14040. Definitions.
SUBCHAPTER IV--DRUG CONTROL

14051. Increased penalties for drug-dealing in ``drug-free''
zones.
14052. Enhanced penalties for illegal drug use in Federal prisons
and for smuggling drugs into Federal prisons.
(a) Declaration of policy.
(b) Sentencing guidelines.
(c) No probation.
14053. Violent crime and drug emergency areas.
(a) Definitions.
(b) Declaration of violent crime and drug emergency areas.
(c) Procedure.
(d) Irrelevancy of population density.
(e) Requirements.
(f) Review period.
(g) Federal assistance.
(h) Duration of Federal assistance.
(i) Regulations.
(j) No effect on existing authority.
SUBCHAPTER V--CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

14061. Juvenile anti-drug and anti-gang grants in federally
assisted low-income housing.
14062. Gang investigation coordination and information
collection.
(a) Coordination.
(b) Data collection.
(c) Report.
(d) Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER VI--CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN

14071. Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually
Violent Offender Registration Program.
(a) In general.
(b) Registration requirement upon release, parole, supervised
release, or probation.
(c) Penalty.
(d) Release of information.
(e) Immunity for good faith conduct.
(f) Compliance.
SUBCHAPTER VII--RURAL CRIME

14081. Rural Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces.
(a) Establishment.
(b) Task force membership.
14082. Rural drug enforcement training.
(a) Specialized training for rural officers.
(b) Authorization of appropriations.
14083. More agents for Drug Enforcement Administration.
SUBCHAPTER VIII--POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS
TRAINING AND EDUCATION


Part A--Police Corps

14091. Purposes.
14092. Definitions.
14093. Establishment of Office of the Police Corps and Law
Enforcement Education.
14094. Designation of lead agency and submission of State plan.
(a) Lead agency.
(b) State plans.
14095. Scholarship assistance.
(a) Scholarships authorized.
(b) Reimbursement authorized.
(c) Use of scholarship.
(d) Agreement.
(e) Dependent child.
(f) Application.
14096. Selection of participants.
(a) In general.
(b) Selection criteria and qualifications.
(c) Recruitment of minorities.
(d) Enrollment of applicant.
(e) Leave of absence.
(f) Admission of applicants.
14097. Police Corps training.
(a) In general.
(b) Training sessions.
(c) Further training.
(d) Course of training.
(e) Evaluation of participants.
(f) Stipend.
14098. Service obligation.
(a) Swearing in.
(b) Rights and responsibilities.
(c) Discipline.
(d) Layoffs.
14099. State plan requirements.
14100. Assistance to States and localities employing Police Corps
officers.
14101. Authorization of appropriations.
14102. Reports to Congress.
(a) In general.
(b) Contents.


Part B--Law Enforcement Scholarship Program

14111. Definitions.
14112. Allotment.
14113. Establishment of program.
(a) Use of allotment.
(b) Payments; Federal share; non-Federal share.
(c) Responsibilities of Director.
(d) Administrative expenses.
(e) Special rule.
(f) Supplementation of funding.
14114. Scholarships.
(a) Period of award.
(b) Use of scholarships.
14115. Eligibility.
(a) Scholarships.
(b) Ineligibility for student employment.
14116. State application.
(a) In general.
(b) Contents.
14117. Local application.
(a) In general.
(b) Contents.
(c) Priority.
14118. Scholarship agreement.
(a) In general.
(b) Contents.
(c) Service obligation.
14119. Authorization of appropriations.
(a) General authorization of appropriations.
(b) Uses of funds.
SUBCHAPTER IX--STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT


Part A--DNA Identification

14131. Quality assurance and proficiency testing standards.
(a) Publication of quality assurance and proficiency testing
standards.
(b) Administration of advisory board.
(c) Proficiency testing program.
14132. Index to facilitate law enforcement exchange of DNA
identification information.
(a) Establishment of index.
(b) Information.
(c) Failure to comply.
14133. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(a) Proficiency testing requirements.
(b) Privacy protection standards.
(c) Criminal penalty.
14134. Authorization of appropriations.


Part B--Police Pattern or Practice

14141. Cause of action.
(a) Unlawful conduct.
(b) Civil action by Attorney General.
14142. Data on use of excessive force.
(a) Attorney General to collect.
(b) Limitation on use of data.
(c) Annual summary.


Part C--Improved Training and Technical Automation

14151. Improved training and technical automation.
(a) Grants.
(b) Training and investigative assistance.
(c) Authorization of appropriations.
(d) Definitions.


Part D--Other State and Local Aid

14161. Federal assistance to ease increased burdens on State
court systems.
(a) In general.
(b) Applications.
(c) Records.
(d) Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER X--MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PROTECTION

14171. Motor vehicle theft prevention program.
(a) In general.
(b) Uniform decal or device designs.
(c) Voluntary consent form.
(d) Specified conditions under which stops may be authorized.
(e) Motor vehicles for hire.
(f) Notification of police.
(g) Regulations.
(h) Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER XI--PROTECTIONS FOR THE ELDERLY

14181. Missing Alzheimer's Disease Patient Alert Program.
(a) Grant.
(b) Application.
(c) Eligible organization.
(d) Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER XII--PRESIDENTIAL SUMMIT ON VIOLENCE AND NATIONAL
COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL

14191. Presidential summit.
14192. Establishment; committees and task forces; representation.
(a) Establishment and appointment of members.
(b) Committees and task forces.
(c) Representation.
14193. Purposes.
14194. Responsibilities of Commission.
(a) In general.
(b) Crime and violence generally.
(c) Causes of demand for drugs.
(d) Violence in schools.
(e) Violence against women.
14195. Administrative matters.
(a) Chair.
(b) No additional pay or benefits; per diem.
(c) Vacancies.
(d) Meetings open to public.
14196. Staff and support services.
(a) Director.
(b) Staff.
(c) Civil service laws.
(d) Consultants.
(e) Staff of Federal agencies.
(f) Physical facilities.
14197. Powers.
(a) Hearings.
(b) Delegation.
(c) Access to information.
(d) Mail.
14198. Report; termination.
14199. Authorization of appropriations.
SUBCHAPTER XIII--VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND

14211. Creation of Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.
(a) Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.
(b) Transfers into Fund.
(c) Appropriations from Fund.
14212. Conforming reduction in discretionary spending limits.
14213. Extension of authorizations of appropriations for fiscal
years for which full amount authorized is not
appropriated.
14214. Flexibility in making of appropriations.
(a) Federal law enforcement.
(b) State and local law enforcement.
(c) Prevention.
(d) Definitions.
SUBCHAPTER XIV--MISCELLANEOUS

14221. Task force relating to introduction of nonindigenous
species.
14222. Coordination of substance abuse treatment and prevention
programs.
14223. Edward Byrne Memorial Formula Grant Program.